Accidents do happen! Any accident where the teeth
have received a bump requires immediate dental examination, however
there are a few steps you can take to minimalise damage. Soft tissue
trauma (to the lips, tongue and gums) will need to be assessed as well
as the possibility of any bony fractures.
If the tooth is knocked out wash it in milk (keep
UHT milk handy in case of emergency – this should be part of your
first aid kit) then replace the tooth if possible, or take the tooth
(stored in milk, not water) to your dentist for reimplantation. Do not
delay – you will need immediate dental treatment, and perhaps
antibiotics and tetanus shots.
If the tooth is loose, but not in its correct
position it could be intruded or extruded. Immediate dental treatment is
needed to reposition the tooth, this will need x-rays and the tooth may
need to be splinted in position.
If the tooth is loose but in its correct position,
the root of the tooth may have fractured. Dental treatment again is
A dental consultation is required even when there
are no visible signs of tooth damage as root fractures can occur and
teeth can lose their vitality. Early treatment and monitoring may help
prevent future tooth loss.